Hybrid vessels will soon be on the market

(Nanowerk News) ABB is convinced that vessels fitted with hybrid main propulsion machinery are the future, and the company expects to sign its first contract in the course of the year."Hybrid propulsion systems significantly reduce both fuel consumption and emissions,” says Børre Gundersen, R&D manager for ABB’s marine activities in Norway.The company is currently testing the technology in a hypermodern hybrid laboratory in collaboration with NTNU and the SINTEF-institute MARINTEK.hybrid vessel

Hybrid engines will soon be a common technology in anchor vessels like this, according to scientists.Saving 15 percent of the energy“The aim of the project is to develop and demonstrate solutions for improved, more energy-efficient propulsion systems for marine use. What we have found so far is that a direct-current power system that incorporates an energy store (i.e. battery) would result in 10 – 15 per cent lower fuel consumption and emissions than a traditional alternating current system.This is because the energy store optimises operation of the internal combustion engine, which in turn means reduced fuel consumption, reduced emissions of greenhouse gases and particles, and not least, improved power system reliability,” says MARINTEK research manager Anders Valland. The research team envisages that hybrid motors would be particularly effective in offshore operations, in which vessels perform many different tasks under a wide range of weather conditions. Better and cheaper batteries“The battery can absorb peak loads, while the internal combustion engine can continue to operate at its optimal level. This will also mean that in the future, future ships will not need such large engines as they do today, but rather smaller engines with batteries as backup and for security,” says Valland. ABB believes that there could be a large market for electric vessels and el-hybrid vessels in the near future. One of the reasons for this belief is that experts expect to see battery capacity doubling by 2020, without a corresponding rise in cost. Moreover, they offer significant environmental benefits.“The hybridisation of 230 OSV/AHTS (Offshore Supply Vessel/Anchor Handling Tug Supply) on the Norwegian shelf could reduce CO2 emissions by 400 000 tonnes, equivalent to 163 average Norwegian cars,” says Sindre Sæter, who leads ABB’s marine activities in Norway.“The authorities need to think in new ways”The experts believe that in order to realise these benefits it will be necessary to establish alliances with industry and the research sector, but just as important, with the authorities.“The frame conditions will have to be adapted to meet the need for technology development. At present, it is extremely difficult to get revolutionary new technology in place within the current tendering framework, which is most suitable for traditional thinking in ship transport,” says Valland.

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Is Cold Ironing Redundant Now?

Shore power at the Port of Los Angeles
By Wendy Laursen 2015-05-23 19:19:46
An article in The Post and Courier last week quotes a U.S. port official from Charleston saying that the installation of shore power (cold ironing or alternative maritime power (AMP)) has been rendered a last-generation solution at most major ports. 
State Ports Authority Chief Executive Jim Newsome said ultra-low sulfur fuel and scrubbers have made the air quality improvements touted by shore power obsolete. Newsome has estimated it would cost about $20 million to build shore power into a new cruise terminal planned at the port.
The comments have drawn opposition from a local environmental group whose spokesperson said that both scrubbers and shore power would be the best solution for visiting cruise ships.
Carnival Cruise Lines plans to install scrubbers on the Fantasy, reports The Post and Courier. The cruise ship is home-ported at Charleston, and Ecstasy, which will replace the Fantasy in February, already has scrubbers. Neither ship is equipped for shore power.
A Well-Established Solution
Shore power has been taken up by other North American ports including Seattle, Vancouver, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, Oakland and Halifax. Princess Cruises’ shore power program made history when it first began operations in the Alaska capital Juneau in the summer of 2001, and the Port of Seattle was the first in North America to provide infrastructure for two ships to simultaneously utilize shore power.
In addition to recent shore power installations in the Port of San Francisco, the Port of Halifax just commissioned its new shore power equipment last month.  
Seattle: Nothing Compares
“Nothing compares to the benefits of zero emissions by connecting the vessel to shore power and shutting down the vessel’s engines while the ship is at the dock,” says Peter McGraw, spokesman for the Port of Seattle. “We in the Pacific Northwest do have cheaper electricity due to our hydro-electric power generated by dams throughout our state, which may produce a different cost than other parts of the country.”    
Exhaust stack scrubbers have become the current industry wide focus for all cruise brands in efforts to reduce emissions when the vessel engines are running, but investment in shore power systems at ports continues in the U.S., Canada and around the world, he says.
“Most recently we had a visit from the cruise representatives at the new Kai Tak terminal in Hong Kong. He was here to see our shore power operations and meet with local experts on the technology,” says McGraw. Kai Tak Hong Kong terminal is considering investment in shore power connections at their new cruise facility. 
“So all being said shore power does not appear to be dying-out,” says McGraw. “The newest systems are much more advanced than last generation equipment. I’m pleased we have two of our three cruise ship berths in Seattle equipped to serve ships capable of connecting. You just can’t get any better than the zero emissions that come with them.”
Los Angeles: Low Sulfur Fuel still contributes to Emissions
The Port of Los Angeles was the first port in the world to use shore power technology for in-service container ships. Chris Cannon, Director of Environmental Management, Port of Los Angeles, said: “Air quality conditions in Southern California are unique and among the worst in the entire country. Southern California is in “non attainment” for particulate matter 2.5 and “extreme non attainment” for ozone. For this reason, continued reduction in emissions of particulate matter and ozone precursors (NOx, SOx, VOCs) is helpful and necessary.” 
In Southern California, overall emissions, as well as potential health risk, are significantly reduced when using electricity to power ships at berth rather than having the ships run on low sulfur fuel, says Cannon. “Even with low sulfur fuel, ships remain one of the largest sources of pollution in our area, and low sulfur fuel for ships still contains 1,000 ppm sulfur, compared to an average 30 ppm sulfur required for automobile fuel.”
Cannon says the port supports the efforts of the California Air Resource Board to reduce at-berth emissions by setting a regulation that requires a phased shore power program for container ships that started on January 1, 2014.  
Cannon concedes though that the best way to reduce emissions can vary from one port to another.  “While we have funded demonstrations of scrubber technology, we have not yet seen widespread use of this technology in our region. Nevertheless, we believe that scrubbers and shore power can both be used in the future to help reduce emissions.”
Oakland: Looking Forward to Near-Zero Emission Ships
In 2009, the Port of Oakland made a commitment to reduce seaport-related diesel health risks by 85 percent by 2020. “We’ve made significant progress to meet that goal,” says port spokesman Michael Zampa. “As a priority, the port has reduced its seaport emissions from the sources that operate at or nearest the port terminals - the ones that decrease the diesel health risk the most.”  
Ship engines are the largest source of seaport emissions at the port. “It’s critical that we reduce these emissions as much as possible, particularly while at berth,” says Zampa. “This is important to the port, its neighboring communities and the region. For the port, the best day for us will be when we no longer need to use our shore power system because only zero or near-zero emissions ships are operating globally. We will all breathe easier on that day.”
Discussion in the U.K.
The U.S. is not the only nation to voice dissent over the value of shore power. The British Society of Maritime Industries hosted a seminar in London earlier this year that discussed the viability of shore power. Representatives from Cavotec and Schneider Electric argued in favor of shore power, although they recognized that a cost-benefit analysis should be done on a case-by-case basis, reports Hellenic Shipping News.
Peter Selway, marketing manager of Schneider Electric, said that ships could expect a payback time of three years and ports four years if they invested in the technology. It was pointed out that shore power reduces noise and vibration as well as air emissions.
However, another speaker at the conference, Simon Zielonka, fleet director of Royal Caribbean International Cruises, said the costs for shore power could be too high for cruise ships. By comparison, the biggest container ships use the same amount of power as a small cruise ship. He also warned that the technology might just move emissions from the port to the location where the electricity was produced.
Zielonka said that most emissions from ships are produced when they are at sea and estimated that shore power might only reduce emissions by 1-3 percent. He also estimated that it was 10 times more expensive to retrofit a ship for shore power than to include it on a newbuilding.
IMO Considered Shore Power, E.U. Acted
IMO representative Masao Yamasaki said at the conference that the IMO had discussed making shore power mandatory in 2012 but concluded that, at that time, there were not enough ports (only 20, mostly in the U.S. and Scandinavia) that were ready with the technology.
The E.U. has taken a stronger stance by approving Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuel infrastructure in 2014. This directive obliges member states to implement alternative infrastructure networks such as shoreside power technology by December 2025. The E.U.’s TEN-T program has indicated that shore power is an area where funding was available to help with up to 50 percent of the costs of research and 20 percent of the costs of implementation.
Hamburg: A Barge Solution
New ideas are still being developed. The port of Hamburg has taken a less infrastructure-intensive approach to shore power with the commissioning of an LNG-fuelled barge this month that will provide power to cruise ships in the port. The barge works like a floating power plant and, compared to conventional marine diesel with 0.1 percent sulfur content, emits no SOx or soot. Emissions of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide are also significantly reduced. The deployment of the LNG Hybrid Barge could therefore significantly improve air quality in port cities, says Becker Marine Systems.
More Financial Incentives
The Port of Antwerp already offers shore power at its Independent Maritime Terminal, and there are berths where barges can use shore power. Ships are offered financial incentives to use the power, and the port has just introduced further incentives, this time aimed at scrubbers and LNG. 
As of 1 June 2015 Antwerp will grant a discount to seagoing ships that use alternative technology to reduce their particulate emissions. The new discount means that in some cases ships can benefit from a 30 percent reduction in port fees. 
According to spokeswoman Annik Dirkx: “For auxiliaries, the use of cold ironing is still a valid option, because this is not necessarily combined with or connected to the main engine that can run on LNG or with scrubbers. In our port we do case by case project development, which means that we try to accommodate every shipping company’s request the best way we can.”
So What Will Charleston Do?
Charleston has been conducting outdoor air testing at Union Pier since February. The data shows that there have been no emissions above federal guidelines, even when a cruise ship is in port. According to Newsome, there is no significant difference between cruise ship days and non-cruise ship days. He therefore believes that shore power isn’t needed. 
However, contends one environmental activist, discussions are far from over.

Imtech Marine to supply propulsion system to Caledonian Maritime's hybrid ferry

CMAL shipyard
Imtech Marine has been contracted to supply the electric and hybrid propulsion system for Scotland-based Caledonian Maritime Assets (CMAL) operated hybrid ferry.
Under the terms of the contract, Imtech Marine will carry out electrical installation for the third hybrid ferry, which is due to be delivered in April 2016.
The company will also supply the diesel-electric and Li-Ion battery hybrid propulsion system by December.
The owner can track fuel usage with the help of an Imtech Marine remote control monitoring system installed on the third CMAL vessel.
According to Imtech, the first ferry used a lithium battery system, diesel generators and electric propulsion, and has been designed to reduce fuel, noise and emissions.
It is claimed to achieve fuel savings of 38%.
The substantial reduction is achieved by using shore-charged energy (28%) as well as smart load control (10%) through the Imtech Marine Energy Management System (EMS).
"We estimated the propulsion system would result in savings around the 20% level but this result of 38% exceeded all expectations."
The EMS removes the need for a second generator during the complete working day and controls fuel optimisation.
Based on a 'market' control strategy, it also controls the load sharing between the diesel generator and batteries, and uses Imtech Marine's energy dashboard to provide essential performance feedback to the captain.
Information regarding exisitng and historic performance and maintenance values is provided to the fleet owner through the web-based remote monitoring system.
Mischa Kyanin of Imtech Marine said: "Originally we estimated the propulsion system would result in savings around the 20% level but this result of 38% exceeded all expectations."

Image: Caledonian Maritime Assets's (CMAL) shipyard. Photo: courtesy of Imtech.

Imtech to suppy key equipment for hybrid ferry

Imtech to suppy key equipment for hybrid ferry
MAY 21, 2015 — Rotterdam headquartered Imtech Marine will again supply the electric and hybrid propulsion system for the third hybrid ferry ordered from the Glagow shipyard of Ferguson Marine by Caledonian Maritime Assets Ltd (see earlier story).
For this third hybrid ferry, Imtech Marine will supply the diesel-electric and lithium ion battery hybrid propulsion system and will carry out the electrical installation. The third CMAL vessel will also have an Imtech Marine remote control monitoring system, whereby the owner can track fuel usage in real time.
Designed to reduce fuel, noise and emissions, the first CMAL ferry delivered used a lithium battery system, diesel generators and electric propulsion supplied by Imtech Marine and has proven to achieve fuel savings of 38%.
These substantial savings come from using shore-generated energy (28%), with the batteries being charged overnight with locally produced wind energy. Savings of a further 10% are due to smart load control via the Imtech Marine Energy Management System. The EMS controls the fuel optimization by preventing a second generator starting up during the complete working day (adaptive control) and it also controls the load sharing between the diesel generator and batteries based on a "market" control strategy, that matches the energy supply to demand (peak shaving).
The Energy Management System will also provide essential performance feedback to the captain through Imtech Marine's energy dashboard. The web based remote monitoring system will provide feedback about the current and historic performance and maintenance values to the fleet owner.
Mischa Kyanin of Imtech Marine, says: "Originally we estimated the propulsion system would result in savings around the 20% level but this result of 38% exceeded all expectations. We are proud of the system's proven performance."
The third CMAL hybrid ferry is due to be delivered by the shipbuilder in April 2016 but Imtech Marine will deliver its system by December this year.
CMAL's first two hybrid vessels, the MV Hallaig, delivered in November 2013, and MV Lochinvar, delivered in May 2014, operate between the Isle of Skye and Raasay and between Tarbert (Loch Fyne) and Portavadie respectively.

Electric & Hybrid Marine World Expo 2015 June 23-25 in Amsterdam.

Organizers said the event will host more than 140 exhibitors and feature the latest in new electric and hybrid marine propulsion technologies.

 This global event has seen rapid growth since its inception, with 50 percent more exhibitors than last year booked to take part, all with technologies and components and solutions for an international audience of marine industry professionals only, organizers said.

 Alongside the exhibition sits the Electric and Hybrid Marine Conference, which organizers said has also seen rapid expansion this year, with more than 70 speakers lined up to take part in two simultaneous conference streams over three days. Focusing on topics that include “Efficiency Gains from Electric and Hybrid Propulsion,” “Hybrid Systems for Small Craft” and “Lessons Learned from Military Applications,” the conference includes informal discussions and keynote speeches.

 The Electric & Hybrid Marine World Expo is organized by the publisher of Electric & Hybrid Marine Technology International.

Blue Gas Marine, Inc. Wins 2015 Top Product Award

Apex, NC -- (ReleaseWire) -- 05/01/2015 -- Blue Gas Marine, Inc. has received the 2015 Top Product Award for its revolutionary natural gas hybrid fuel system, from highly respected, Boating Industry. Editors of Boating Industry Magazine selected the 2015 Top Products based on many factors, including innovation, impact on the industry, and how each product advanced its category – or created a new category. The Blue Gas Marine, Inc. Natural Gas Hybrid Fuel System technology is the first of its kind in the marine industry. This technology is not only revolutionary it is a market creator and disruptive innovation in the marine industry. Blue Gas Marine, Inc. is the first in the nation to offer bi-fuel technology for boats to run on traditional fuel and also on natural gas, separately or together as a hybrid system. This natural gas technology is a new product category on its own, as there are no other products on the market providing this flexibility for customers. The system solves the core/essential problem for boaters—high cost of fuel and maintenance and greatly reduces pollution making it a much cleaner option that did not exist before. Blue Gas Marine, Inc. President & CEO, Miguel Guerreiro said of the news, "It is great to be recognized by professionals in the industry especially from a publication as respected as Boating Industry Magazine." Guerreiro went on to say, "The Blue Gas Marine Natural Gas Hybrid Fuel system is something we've worked hard to develop to really benefit the world of boating and make a difference where it matters: protecting the environment and the pocket book, by cutting expenses associated with operating and enjoying a boat." "When choosing the Top Products, we're looking for innovations that offer solutions. Fuel efficiency, and alternatives to traditional fuel, are huge issues in the boating industry. By giving boaters the option of natural gas or petroleum, the Blue Gas Marine system solves a key problem." said Jonathan Sweet, Editor in Chief Boating Industry. Boaters know the largest expense in operating a boat is fuel and maintenance, and Blue Gas Marine Natural Gas Hybrid Fuel System cuts those costs by more than 50% while extending the life of engines. That is a significant savings for everyone but especially those who are frequent boat operators such as commercial fishermen, law enforcement, charter boats, ferries, tugs, large ships, the military and recreational users. Since the technology is designed to be installed on most models of existing or new outboard, inboard and generator engines the Blue Gas Marine system is applicable to the entire powerboat market, some sailing applications and even house boats. The technology uses natural gas in the compressed (CNG) or liquefied (LNG) forms so the impact for boaters is endless. There are many benefits to boaters moving to this new technology. Boaters can save more than 50% on fuel immediately by making the change. The fuel savings cover the cost of the fuel system in under one year, for most frequent boaters. Additionally, this innovation extends the life of engines with zero carbon deposits in the engine due to 100% smoke elimination. Also, it eliminates the issue with using fuel containing ethanol and all the issues this harmful additive has on engines. The system reduces air and water pollution by 70% overall and eliminates all engine exhaust and odor along with all Sulfur Oxides and other carcinogenic substances. It will also positively impact boaters and the marine industry in general by meeting and exceeding the regulatory requirements of emissions laws, which require cleaner operations. Further, the Blue Gas Marine Natural Gas Hybrid Fuel System eliminates all on-the-water fuel spill impact. The system also serves as a great safety function, as the Natural Gas fuel system is completely independent from the Gasoline system, never sharing any lines or components, thus ensuring that a boat is never dead on the water even when the gasoline system fails. In this case you simply crank on Natural Gas and come home, then repair the malfunction later without being vulnerable to weather or sea conditions. Having the ability to cut fuel cost and maintenance expense is the driving force for people making the change to utilize the hybrid fuel system but also enjoying all the extra benefits just adds even more value. This award is not the first time that Blue Gas Marine, Inc. has garnered accolades – it won the North Carolina Technology (NCTA) 2014 Top 10 Startups to Watch Award. Blue Gas Marine is poised for a very dynamic future with strong interest nationally and abroad as well as a growing network of dealers and fueling stations. Blue Gas Marine, Inc.'s proprietary technology allows any boat engine to add a hybrid system that also runs on natural gas. Imagine a world where boating is cheaper and much cleaner. In today's marketplace traditional fuels such as gasoline and diesel see major price fluctuations, but natural gas has price stability and is a domestically produced fuel that is very affordable and becoming more and more readily available. In an industry where fifteen of the largest boats in the world account for more pollution than all the cars in the world combined, moving the marine industry to a cleaner fuel for all size vessels is a worthy initiative. To celebrate this achievement Blue Gas Marine has launched an East Coast Boat Tour from North Carolina to Florida's east and west coasts. The Tour will feature demos and boat rides of the Intrepid 327CC equipped with the Blue Gas Marine Natural Gas Fuel system at major boating cities along the coast. Follow the tour on the Company's Facebook page. For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/release-595745.htm Read more: http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/2541017#ixzz3YvQo25KD